(University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, July 29, 2011) Consumer confidence tumbled in July to its lowest level since early 2009 when the economy was still in recession. Prospects for economic growth were much more negative, and the unemployment rate was expected to rise twice as frequently as decline. Personal financial expectations slipped as the majority of consumers anticipated no income increases. Although inflation expectations fell in July, just one-in-ten consumers anticipated inflation-adjusted income gains during the year ahead. As a result, consumers have been forced to reduce planned discretionary spending.
Commenting on the Survey Surveys of Consumers chief economist, Richard Curtin: “Consumers continued to view their finances in quite bleak terms both for the year ahead as well as over the next five years. More than twice as many households reported that their finances had worsened rather than improved during the past year, eight-in-ten anticipated no financial improvement during the year ahead, and six-in-ten expected no financial gains over the next five years. The absence of positive near and longer term financial expectations has turned consumer resilience into consumer fragility at the first signs of renewed adversity. The data indicate that spending will be barely higher in the second half than in the first half of 2011.”
Trend The short-term trend continues downwards with 2 consecutive monthly decreases in June and July of -2.8 and -7.8, respectively. The intermediate-term trend (6-month moving average) continues downwards and the long-term trend (12-month moving average) continues downwards.
Cycle History The current July 2011 Index of Consumer Sentiment is 63.7 (final). The reached a Post-Great Recession peak of 77.5 in February 2011, just before oil prices spiked up. A Great Recession cyclical and all-time low of 55.3 was set in November 2008. A Pre-Great Recession peak of 96.9 was reached in January 2007. In 2004 the index was greater than 100.
Consumer Sentiment Index (Chart) Below is a chart of the Reuters/University of Michigan Index of Consumer Sentiment from July 2010 through July 2011, the latest month reported.
Consumer Sentiment 6-Month Moving Average (Chart) Below is a chart of the Reuters/University of Michigan Index of Consumer Sentiment 6-Month Moving Average from July 2007 through July 2011, the latest month reported. The previous chart above, the Index of Consumer Sentiment, is rather like following the bouncing ball when charting human sentiment, confidence, mood, and outlook regarding the USA economy and their own individual prospects. Therefore, the 6-month moving average chart smooths out these short-term ups and downs and provides an intermediate-term perspective. The Pre-Great Recession peak was in May 2007 at 90.6 while the Great Recession low was in March 2009 at 58.0. The Post-Great Recession peak has been in June 2010 at 73.9. The 6-month moving average has dropped the past 2 months.
Commentary The Reuters/University of Michigan Index of Consumer Sentiment at 63.7 (final) in July 2011 is a multi-year low and a "Lose Hope All Ye Who Enter" signal. Even the intermediate-term trend (6-month moving average is decreasing significantly). The July 2011 Index of 63.7 is the lowest since March 2009 (57.3) and those were dismal days indeed. Undoubtedly, not just high unemployment and high oil prices, but the bipartisan deadlock on the U.S. debt ceiling is having a tremendous negative impact. This bipartisan bickering also pushed down the Index in September and October 2010 before the mid-term Congressional elections, but not to this extent. USA consumer sentiment continues at historically low levels.
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