Thursday, February 3, 2011

Global Services Sector Growth at 44-Month High! (Chart) *18th month of expansion*

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Global Services PMI by JPMorgan


Global Services PMI at 44-Month High!

Official Statement by JPMorgan The start of 2011 saw the rate of expansion of the global service sector accelerate to its highest since June 2007. After rising in each of the past four months, the JPMorgan Global Services Business Activity Index* posted 58.2 in January. Business activity has now risen throughout the past one-and-a-half years.
* Growth was again led by the US, where the rate of expansion hit a 65-month peak. Activity in the Eurozone increased at the fastest pace for five months, while the UK saw a solid increase in services activity following December's weather-affected contraction.
* The recovery within the euro area remained two-speed, with the big-two economies of Germany and France recording robust growth of both business activity and new work. This contrasted with the lacklustre performances of Italy and Spain.
India and Russia also saw marked expansions in output, but rate of increase slowed in the latter. Japanese service sector activity rose slightly for only the third time in the past three years. Australian services activity declined for the third month running, however, and at the sharpest pace since last July.
 
Cycle History The current Global Services PMI of 58.2 is now at another post-Great Recession cyclical peak. The current PMI is up +7.9 and +16% from the intermediate-term bottom of 50.3 in November 2009. The PMI is a percentage - not a total. More about the PMI below the chart.

Trend The overall trend has been upwards since the short-term low in September 2010. The current Global Services PMI of 58.2 has remained above the sharply ascending 12-month moving average of 55.1 for 4 consecutive months.

Global Services PMI (Chart) Below is a chart of the latest 18 months of the Global Services PMI from August 2009 through the latest month reported, January 2011. The PMI has been greater than 50, indicating global services are expanding, since August 2009, for 18 consecutive months. The PMI peaked in April 2010. Five consecutive monthly declines ensued through September 2010 before the current 4 consecutive monthly increases. However, the 5 consecutive monthly declines still indicated global services was expanding, just at a slowing rate.



Commentary This is yet another month of positive data, a +1.3% increase upwards in January to begin 2011. The Global Services PMI is at a post-Great Recession high and a 44-month high (highest since June 2007). The related USA ISM Non-Manufacturing Index (NMI) is at a 66-month high in January and is reviewed here. The related JPMorgan Global Manufacturing PMI is at a 9-month high in January and is reviewed here. The related USA ISM Manufacturing PMI is at an 80-month high and is reviewed here. Overall, these USA and global economic indicators are now reporting an acceleration of the economic recovery in January 2011.

About The PMI The Global Report on Services is based on the results of surveys covering around 3,500 executives carried out in the USA by ISM, and in Japan, China, the UK, Germany, France, Spain, Italy, Brazil, India, Russia, Ireland and Hong Kong by Markit, in Australia by AiG, New Zealand by Business NZ and Mexico by HSBC. These countries together account for an estimated 80% of global service sector output. For the US, data are taken from the ISM non-manufacturing survey which, in addition to the service sector included in the other countries, also includes agriculture, construction, mining, public administration, retail, utilities and wholesale sectors. The Hong Kong PMI also covers construction, manufacturing and retail. Questions are asked about real events and are not opinion based. Data are presented in the form of diffusion indices, where an index reading above 50.0 indicates an increase in the variable since the previous month and below 50.0 a decrease.
Data sources: Country % share of global GDP
United States 28.6
Japan 12.3
China 7.4
Germany 5.0
United Kingdom 4.2
France 3.7
Italy 2.8
Brazil 2.2
India 2.2
Spain 1.8
Australia 1.4
Russia 1.0
Hong Kong 0.6
Ireland 0.3
New Zealand 0.2

J.P. Morgan Chase & Co. is a leading global financial services firm with assets of $803 billion and operations in more than 50 countries. The firm is a leader in investment banking, financial services for consumers and businesses, financial transaction processing, investment management, private banking and private equity. A component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average, JPMorgan Chase is headquartered in New York and serves more than 30 million consumer customers nationwide, and many of the world’s most prominent corporate, institutional and government clients. Information about JPMorgan Chase is available on the internet at http://www.jpmorganchase.com/.

Markit Economics is a specialist compiler of business surveys and economic indices, including the Purchasing Managers’ Index™ (PMI™) series, which is now available for 26 countries and key regions including the Eurozone and BRIC. The PMIs have become the most closely-watched business surveys in the world, favoured by central banks, financial markets and business decision makers for their ability to provide up-to-date, accurate and often unique monthly indicators of economic trends. To learn more go to www.markit.com/economics.

Founded in 1915, the Institute for Supply Management™ (ISM) is the largest supply management organization in the world as well as one of the most respected. ISM's mission is to lead the supply management profession through its standards of excellence, research, promotional activities and education. ISM's membership base includes approximately 40,000 supply management professionals with a network of domestic and international affiliated associations. ISM is a not-for-profit institute that provides opportunities for the promotion of the profession and the expansion of professional skills and knowledge.

The International Federation of Purchasing and Supply Management (IFPSM) is the union of 42 national purchasing associations worldwide. Within this circle, about 200,000 purchasing professionals can be reached. IFPSM is a non-political, independent and non-profit oriented international organisation, registered in Aarau, Switzerland. IFPSM facilitates the development and distribution of knowledge to elevate and advance the procurement profession, thus favourably impacting the standard of living of citizens worldwide through improved business practices.


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*Data courtesy of the Institute for Supply Management & JPMorgan*


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